Building sustainable peacetime economies in the aftermath of war

Drugs & (dis)order is a Global Challenges Research Fund project generating new evidence on how to transform illicit drug economies into peace economies in Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar.

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October 31, 2021

Drugs, development and peace processes in Colombia

Podcast: Drugs & (dis)order researchers explore how illicit drugs have been approached within Colombia's peace process.

August 17, 2021

Afghanistan: what the conflict means for the global heroin trade

Jonathan Goodhand discusses how economic factors are shaping unfolding events, including the trade in opium and heroin.

Publications, Working Papers
August 9, 2021

Militias, drugs and borderland governance

An overview of current literature on how militias and their relationship with illegal economies vary between countries and what accounts for these variations, and the relationship between militias and processes of state formation and economic development.

May 26, 2021

Pathways to opposing centralised and exclusionary drugs policy in Colombia

Six defining characteristics of the evolution of Colombia's drugs policy and two possible entry point for policy influence with research.

May 12, 2021

Five considerations for international actors trying to engage with drugs policy in Myanmar

Based on analysis of how drugs policies and programmes intersect with conflict, peace, health and development in Myanmar.

Research Sites

The research programme will draw on empirical data from Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar


Afghanistan is estimated to produce 90% of heroin consumed in the UK. We're working in three borderland Afghanistan regions.

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Since Colombia's 2016 peace agreement, coca cultivation has expanded. We're working in four Colombian borderland sites.

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Myanmar is the second largest producer of illicit opium in the world. We're working in two Myanmar borderland states.

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Recent Tweets

🎙️ Listen to the full Drugs, development and peace processes podcast series. Hosted by @astrid_jamar episodes include #Afghanistan #Colombia #Myanmar #Gender

NEW podcast epsiode: 'Drugs, development and peace processes: A Gender Lens' with @Orzala @astrid_jamar @monicaparadah & Mandy Sadan @SOASDevelopment

NEW podcast in the #illicitdrugs #globaldev #peacebuilding series. This episode explores Afghanistan

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