Building sustainable peacetime economies in the aftermath of war

Drugs & (dis)order is a Global Challenges Research Fund project generating new evidence on how to transform illicit drug economies into peace economies in Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar.

Learn more about the project


August 17, 2021

Afghanistan: what the conflict means for the global heroin trade

Jonathan Goodhand discusses how economic factors are shaping unfolding events, including the trade in opium and heroin.

Publications, Working Papers
August 9, 2021

Militias, drugs and borderland governance

An overview of current literature on how militias and their relationship with illegal economies vary between countries and what accounts for these variations, and the relationship between militias and processes of state formation and economic development.

May 26, 2021

Pathways to opposing centralised and exclusionary drugs policy in Colombia

Six defining characteristics of the evolution of Colombia's drugs policy and two possible entry point for policy influence with research.

May 12, 2021

Five considerations for international actors trying to engage with drugs policy in Myanmar

Based on analysis of how drugs policies and programmes intersect with conflict, peace, health and development in Myanmar.

Journal Articles
April 19, 2021

International Journal of Drug Policy Special Issue: Drugs, conflict and development

Empirical research on the convergence of the drugs, development and peacebuilding policy fields.

Research Sites

The research programme will draw on empirical data from Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar


Afghanistan is estimated to produce 90% of heroin consumed in the UK. We're working in three borderland Afghanistan regions.

Learn More


Since Colombia's 2016 peace agreement, coca cultivation has expanded. We're working in four Colombian borderland sites.

Learn More


Myanmar is the second largest producer of illicit opium in the world. We're working in two Myanmar borderland states.

Learn More

Recent Tweets

Register for Geneva Peace Week 1-5 November 2021. We'll be hosting a session on moving beyond securitization to build peace in drug-affected borderlands #GPW21

Moving beyond securitization, how can we build peace in the drug-affected borderlands? We will host a conversation about this at Geneva Peace Week 2021. Learn more and register for #GPW21 at:

Sign up to join the @UCL_IAS event 'Reflections on Events in Afghanistan'. Thursday 21 October 1-2pm BST. Details and registration:

Load More...