This paper looks at the ‘chokepoint’ border crossings in Nangarhar province, Afghanistan – who controls the chokepoints, what commodities are transported through them, and what rules govern the amount of rent extraction.
Los principales hallazgos obtenidos de la encuesta aplicada a usuarios del Programa Nacional Integral de Sustitución de cultivos de uso ilícito (PNIS) en los municipios de Tumaco y Puerto Asís. Currently only available in Spanish.
A summary of key insights and debates from academic literature on the illicit economy in Afghanistan, from it’s origins to present day.
The paradox of illicit economies: survival, resilience, and the limits of development and drug policy orthodoxy
This paper maps out an approach to examine the resilience that has emerged amidst violence and uncertainty in illicit-crop-producing territories.
A summary of academic research from Latin America published in 2018 on public policies to address organised crime related to drug trafficking.